BRAVEHORSE WARRIOR Gawehe
GAW╚HE (Degawehe, Gawickie, Goweaaey, Goweah, KoÚ, KouÚe, Koweahe, baptized Pierre), chief councillor of the Wolf clan of
the Oneidas. His official title in the Iroquois federal council may have been Deyo’ha’gwen de’, meaning
Through the Opening or Open Voice; d. c. 1 June 1766 at Fort Stanwix (near Rome, N.Y.). GawŔhe took an active part in the
Seven Years’ War. He is first recorded in 1756 as an intelligence courier for Sir William Johnson, the superintendent
of northern Native Americans. During the abortive campaign against the French fort at Niagara (near Youngstown, N.Y.), he
was commissioned lieutenant by Major-General William Shirley.
In the early stages of the war a majority of Iroquois doubted an English victory, and the Oneidas feared a French attack.
Although GawŔhe professed continued allegiance to England, he took the precaution of keeping communications open with Canada.
Encouraged by Johnson to pass a war belt through the Confederacy, the Oneida chief instead accepted a French invitation to
a conference at Montreal with Governor Pierre de Rigaud de Vaudreuil, where he declared his fidelity to the French. In 1757
he made frequent trips to Franšois Picquet’s mission of La PrÚsentation (Oswegatchie, now Ogdensburg, N.Y.) and to Montreal,
once delivering to Vaudreuil an offer of an alliance from dissident German settlers in the colony of New York. A possibility
exists that GawŔhe was secretly acting in the English interest, for Johnson continued to pay him for services rendered; more
likely he was assessing for the Iroquois the military strength of both European powers. By 1760 England was completing its
conquest of Canada, and GawŔhe joined Major-General Jeffery Amherst’s drive on Montreal. He continued working for the
English during the unrest inspired by Pontiac in 1763 and 1764, supplying Johnson with intelligence on the western Native
Americans died in 1766, possibly of a bayonet wound received in a drinking brawl, Johnson accepted responsibility for his
family and provided presents for the condolence ritual. From: historical accounts & records