Chief Wolf Robe
Wolf Robe, a chief of the southern Cheyenne Indian tribe, appears above in a photograph taken in 1909. During the late 1870s,
Wolf Robe's tribe was forced to leave the open plains and relocate on a reservation in Oklahoma. Wolf Robe was a Southern
Cheyenne and was believed to be the one whose profile was used on the "Indian Head Nickel" Although several different Native
Americans were originally chosen, Wolf Robe is the one most likely used because of the striking resemblance.
The Cheyenne were divided into two groups, the Southern Cheyenne who were located along the upper Arkansas River and the Northern
Cheyenne who were located at the headwaters of the Platt River. In 1864 a group of peaceful Cheyenne were massacred by U.S.
Military forces at Sand Creek, Colorado. In 1876 the Cheyenne joined the Sioux and defeated Col. George Custer at the Battle
of the Little Bighorn. In 1877 the Cheyenne surrendered and were relocated to "Indian Territory: which is present day Oklahoma.
In 1990 the total number of Cheyenne descendants was about 11,000 many of whom still live on reservations in southwestern
Oklahoma and southeastern Montana." From: historical accounts & records
LINK TO BRAVEHORSE WARRIORS VOLUME TWO